Below are some recent medical imaging publications pertaining to radiation dose, scanning/imaging, appropriateness, protocoling and quality improvement:

 

Definition of Local Diagnostic Reference Levels in a Radiology Department Using a Dose Tracking Software.
Ghetti et al. (2016) established diagnostic reference levels for mammography, CT and interventional cardiac using the Radimetrics Enterprise Platform (REP). In this study, they compared their dose levels with the Italian national DRLs for each of the procedures.
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Strategies to Lessen the Radiation Risk from CT: A Multination Perspective.
Al-Obaidy et al. reviewed the various strategies for reducing CT radiation risk based on the current literature.
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Does Iterative Reconstruction Improve Image Quality and Reduce Dose in Computed Tomography?
Qiu et al. performed a systematic review of articles that evaluate iterative reconstruction, and established whether it truly improves quality and reduces dose.
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A Review of the Fundamental Principles of Radiation Protection when Applied to the Patient in Diagnostic Radiology.
Moores discussed the role and relevance of radiation protection to patients in a review of the fundamental principles associated with it.
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CT Radiation Dose Awareness Among Paediatricians.
Al-Rammah evaluated physician awareness of radiation doses for pediatric patients in Saudi Arabia.
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The Clinical Impact of a Web-Based Image Repository on Radiation Exposure in Injured Children.
Nabaweesi et al. discussed the effect of a web-based image repository of radiation exposure for pediatric patients. They noticed that the repository reduced the number of repeat scans in children.
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Dose Estimating Application Software Modification: Additional Function of a Size-Specific Effective Dose Calculator and Auto Exposure Control.
Kobayashi et al. set out to validate a new software for estimating size-specific dose estimates (SSDE) and organ-absorbed doses based on the use of automatic exposure controls. They compared their conversion factors to those of the AAPM and found them to be the same.
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Imaging Algorithms and CT Protocols in Trauma Patients: Survey of Swiss Emergency Centers.
Hinzpeter et al. looked at the variances in protocols for trauma patients in Switzerland. They found that there was protocol standardization within centres, but not across trauma centres, which resulted in large variations in radiation doses.
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Physicians’ Knowledge about Radiation Dose and Possible Risks of Common Medical Tests: A Survey in Iran.
Zakeri et al. evaluated physicians in Iran on their knowledge of radiation doses and associated biological risks by using a questionnaire in a multiple-choice format.
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Diagnostic reference levels in low- and middle-income countries: early ‘‘ALARAm’’ bells?
Meyer et al. reviewed the literature of DRLs for low- and middle-income countries to analyze the comprehensiveness of the data.
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CT Radiation Dose Management: A Comprehensive Optimization Process for Improving Patient Safety.
Parakh et al. discussed the importance of radiation dose management, in addition to dose optimization and justification. They also provide an overview of dose tracking options and the usefulness of a dose team.
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Can Use of Adaptive Statistical Iterative Reconstruction Reduce Radiation Dose in Unenhanced Head CT? An Analysis of Qualitative and Quantitative Image Quality
Osteras et al. compared the image quality of regular dose and reduced-dose CT head protocols using filtered back projection (FBP) and adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR).
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